|Unit 1: Chapter 1 (1491-1607)
|Compelling Question: How did the collision of cultures create a “New World”?
- Students will be able to explain the development of the systems of exchange of resources, goods, and peoples between Europe, Africa, and the Americas that developed due to European exploration of the Atlantic world.
- Students will be able to evaluate the social, cultural, geographic, economic, and political impact of European contact with Native Americans and the Americas.
|Supporting Question 1: What were the social, political, and economic structures of American peoples before the arrival of Europeans?
- Question Formulation Technique (QFT): Map of 1491 vs. 1754 Lesson
- Native People Narrative
- The Oral Tradition of the Foundation of the Iroquois Confederacy Primary Source
- Watercolors of Algonquin Peoples in North Carolina, 1585 Primary Source
|Supporting Question 2:What motivated and enabled Europeans to begin exploring the globe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries?
- Richard Hakluyt and the Case for Undertaking Sea Voyages Lesson
- Hernando de Soto Narrative
- Columbus’s Letter to Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, 1494 Primary Source
- Should We Remember Christopher Columbus as a Conqueror or Explorer? Point-Counterpoint
- Henry Hudson and Exploration Narrative
|Supporting Question 3: What was the initial contact between Europeans and native peoples like?
- First Contacts Narrative
- Paideia Seminar: Christopher Columbus Lesson
- Montezuma and Cortés Decision Point
- Cortés’s Account of Tenochtitlan, 1522 Primary Source
- Columbian Exchange Narrative
- The Florentine Codex, c. 1585 Primary Source
|Supporting Question 4: How did the contact between Europeans and native peoples affect Europe, Africa, and the Americas?
- Origins of the Slave Trade Narrative
- Life in the Spanish Colonies Narrative
- Las Casas on the Destruction of the Indies, 1552 Primary Source
- Writing Practice: Building Thesis Statements Lesson
- Chapter 1 Introductory Essay: 1491-1607
|Unit 1 Essay Activity: How did the collision of cultures create a “New World”? Option A: Compare and contrast British and Spanish imperial goals in the New World between 1491 and 1763. Europeans believed they discovered an entirely new place when they encountered the diverse inhabitants of North and South America. Contact between the hemispheres began a long process of exchange in people, goods, customs, language, religion, and disease. Each group’s political, economic, and social structures felt the effects of this exchange, sometimes with devastating consequences. Through this inquiry, students will evaluate primary and secondary sources to assess how contact between Europeans and native peoples forever affected European and American civilizations. Assess students’ progress in understanding the compelling question for this chapter by assigning the Unit 1 Essay Activity.