- What is rule of law and why is it essential to the promotion of liberty?
- What protections are included in the Bill of Rights, and why is each necessary to the promotion of liberty?
- Students will understand the concept of the rule of law.
- Students will explain how the idea of rule of law influenced the design of our Government.
- Students will apply the principle of rule of law.
- Handout D: Analysis of Amendments 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 Answer Key
- Handout E: Examples of Search and Seizure Cases Answer Key
- Handout F: Cruel and Unusual Punishment? Answer Key
- John Adams
- rule of law
Have students read the Rule of Law Essay to establish context for the lesson.
Distribute copies of Handout A: Excerpts from Federalist No. 62 to students. Have students read and discuss the Federalist No. 62 excerpts, and explain the significance of rule of law in their own words.
Federalist No. 62 [20 minutes]
Distribute copies of Handout B: Quotes about Rule of Law. Have students work in their groups to put these quotes in their own words.
Analyzing Amendments [20 minutes]
Students will use Handout C: The Bill of Rights, along with Handout D: Analysis of Amendments 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, to explain what protections are included in the Bill of Rights, and why each is necessary to the promotion of liberty.
Search and Seizure [20 minutes]
Students will use Handout E: Examples of Search and Seizure Cases to apply the principle of rule of law and decide whether evidence should be used in trial of the accused.
Students will use Handout F: Cruel and Unusual Punishment? to apply the principle of rule of law and decide whether specific punishments should be considered cruel and unusual.
Students find and summarize current events articles about some aspect of the rule of law and/or the Bill of Rights guarantees.
Students will research a contemporary issue related to the Rule of Law, and use evidence from the primary sources from the lesson to write an editorial advancing an argument related to the issue.
Have students participate in a “Think the Vote” topic related to the Rule of Law.
The Role of Government
Constitutional Principles: The Rule of Law
Do you understand why the rule of law is important for maintaining free society? The Bill of Rights Institute has created a short, engaging video for Bill of Rights Day on the constitutional principle of the rule of law. Exciting visuals from current events, an engaging historical narrative, brief scholar interviews, and memorable quotes will make this 8-minute video perfect for use on Bill of Rights Day, and every day!