As you read, imagine you are the protagonist.
- What challenges are you facing?
- What fears or concerns might you have?
- What may prevent you from acting in the way you ought?
- Who were John Marshall, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and Elbridge Gerry? What was their role in the XYZ Affair?
- How did John Marshall, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and Elbridge Gerry advance freedom for themselves and others during the XYZ Affair?
- What was the diplomats’ purpose in traveling to France?
- What did the diplomats do while they were in France that showed their integrity?
Discuss the following questions with your students.
- What is the historical context of the narrative?
- What historical circumstances presented a challenge to the protagonist?
- How and why did the individual exhibit a moral and/or civic virtue in facing and overcoming the challenge?
- How did the exercise of the virtue benefit civil society?
- How might exercise of the virtue benefit the protagonist?
- What might the exercise of the virtue cost the protagonist?
- Would you react the same under similar circumstances? Why or why not?
- How can you act similarly in your own life? What obstacles must you overcome in order to do so?
- Students will analyze the integrity of the diplomats involved in the XYZ Affair.
- Students will apply their knowledge of integrity to their own lives.
- Students will make decisions that demonstrate integrity.