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Breaking the Heart of the World: Henry Cabot Lodge, the Treaty of Versailles, and Integrity

45 min

Walk-In-The-Shoes Questions
As you read, imagine you are the protagonist.

  • What challenges are you facing?
  • What fears or concerns might you have?
  • What may prevent you from acting in the way you ought?

Observation Questions

  • What was Henry Cabot Lodge’s role during the debates over the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations?
  • Why did Lodge disagree with President Wilson about the Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations? How did his disagreement affect his purpose?
  • What did Lodge do to show his disagreement?

Discussion Questions
Discuss the following questions with your students.

  • What is the historical context of the narrative?
  • What historical circumstances presented a challenge to the protagonist?
  • How and why did the individual exhibit a moral and/or civic virtue in facing and overcoming the challenge?
  • How did the exercise of the virtue benefit civil society?
  • How might exercise of the virtue benefit the protagonist?
  • What might the exercise of the virtue cost the protagonist?
  • Would you react the same under similar circumstances? Why or why not?
  • How can you act similarly in your own life? What obstacles must you overcome in order to do so?
  • Students will evaluate the integrity of Henry Cabot Lodge in the Senate debate over the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Students will analyze Lodge’s actions and develop examples of integrity that they see in their own lives.
  • Students will apply their knowledge of integrity in their day-to-day lives.

Student Handouts