Listed below are the founding principles — the central values on which our country was founded. You will find suggested definitions of each principle.
Each person is born with freedom from arbitrary or unjustified restraint
In this system of dual sovereignty, the people delegate certain powers to the national government, while the states and the people retain all other powers.
The national government has only those powers granted in the Constitution. If a power is not listed, the national government is assumed not to have it.
A republican system in which the people elect representatives to represent their interests as they make and carry out laws.
Individuals have the right to obtain and control possessions, as well as the fruits of their own labor.
“All Men Are Created Equal”:
There is no natural class of rulers among people, and everyone is born with the same unalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances:
The Constitution establishes a system of distinct powers to prevent an accumulation of power in one branch of government and to ensure that each branch can stop the others from growing too powerful.