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Handout E: Amendments and Federalism

The Tenth Amendment, 1791

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

  1. Restate the Tenth Amendment in your own words.

Section of the Fourteenth Amendment, 1868

Section. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws…


Section. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

  1. What does the Fourteenth Amendment guarantee to residents of every state?
  2. Does Section 5 of this document change the meaning of the Tenth Amendment (above)?