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Graphic Organizer: Primary Sources in Lesson 5, Plainest Demands of Justice

To what extent did Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice become a reality for African Americans during the civil rights movement?

  • I can interpret primary sources related to Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice in the civil rights movement.
  • I can explain how laws and policy, courts, and individuals and groups contributed to or pushed back against the quest for liberty, equality, and justice for African Americans.
  • I can create an argument using evidence from primary sources.
  • I can analyze issues in history to help find solutions to present-day challenges.

Directions: Identify the main ideas and connections to the Founding principles using the information you gathered from your assigned documents.

Document Title and Date Main ideas Connection to Founding Principles
Richard Wright, Black Boy, 1945
Sweatt v. Painter, 1950
Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man, 1952
Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
Martin Luther King, Jr., “The Montgomery Improvement Association Mass Meeting at Holt Street Baptist Church” Speech, 1955
The Southern Manifesto, 1956
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Founding Statement, 1960
James Baldwin “Fifth Avenue, Uptown,” 1960
Freedom Rides Photographs, 1961
Martin Luther King, Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr., “I Have a Dream”, 1963
John Lewis, Speech at the March on Washington, August 28, 1963
“We Shall Overcome”
Malcolm X, “Message to the Grassroots”, 1963
Civil Rights Act, 1964
Fannie Lou Hamer Testimony before the Credentials Committee, Democratic National Convention, August 22, 1964
Images of Bloody Sunday, 1965
Voting Rights Act, 1965
Loving v. Virginia, 1967