Skip to Main Content

Graphic Organizer: Primary Sources in Lesson 4, Plainest Demands of Justice

To what extent did Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice become a reality for African Americans in the first half of the twentieth century?

  • I can interpret primary sources related to Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice in the first half of the twentieth century.
  • I can explain how laws and policy, courts, and individuals and groups contributed to or pushed back against the quest for liberty, equality, and justice for African Americans.
  • I can create an argument using evidence from primary sources.
  • I can analyze issues in history to help find solutions to present-day challenges.

Directions: Identify the main ideas and connections to the Founding principles using the information you gathered from your assigned documents.

Document Title and Date Main ideas Connection to Founding Principles
Ida B. Wells, “Lynch Law,” 1893
John Hope, “We Are Struggling for Equality,” 1896
W. E. B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk, 1903
Giles v. Harris, 1903
W. E. B. Du Bois, “Niagara Movement Speech,” 1905
Map of the Migrant Streams of the Great Migration, 1910–1930
Residential Segregation in City Zoning Laws, 1910–1911
Booker T. Washington, “My View of Segregation Laws,” 1915
Images of the Silent Parade, July 28, 1917
Chicago Race Riot Images, 1919
A Man Was Lynched Yesterday Flag (Replica), 1920–1938
Tulsa Race Massacre Images, June 1921
Racial Restrictive Covenants, Chicago, 1924–1946
Langston Hughes, “The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain,” 1926
Zora Neale Hurston, “How It Feels to Be Colored Me,” 1928
Langston Hughes, “Let America Be America Again,” 1936*
Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Underwriting Manual, 1938
A. Philip Randolph, “The Call to Negro America to March on Washington,” 1941*
Bayard Rustin, “Nonviolence vs. Jim Crow,” 1942*