To what extent did Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice become a reality for African Americans from Reconstruction to the end of the nineteenth century?
- I can interpret primary sources related to Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice from Reconstruction to the end of the nineteenth century.
- I can explain how laws and policy, courts, and individuals and groups contributed to or pushed back against the quest for liberty, equality, and justice for African Americans.
- I can create an argument using evidence from primary sources.
- I can analyze issues in history to help find solutions to present-day challenges.
Directions: Identify the main ideas and connections to the Founding principles using the information you gathered from your assigned documents.
|Document Title and Date||Main ideas||Connection to or Violation of Founding Principles|
|General Order No. 3, June 19, 1865, U.S. Major General Gordon Granger|
|The Reconstruction Amendments: Thirteenth Amendment, 1865, Fourteenth Amendment, 1868, Fifteenth Amendment, 1870|
|Frederick Douglass, “What the Black Man Wants,” 1865|
|The Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 1865|
|An Act to Confer Civil Rights on Freedmen, and for Other Purposes, 1865 (Mississippi Black Code)|
|Civil Rights Act of 1866|
|Attacking the Freedmen’s Bureau Poster, 1866|
|African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Pastor S. B. Williams Reports Atrocities to North Carolina Governor Holden, 1869|
|Albion W. Tourgée’s Letter to Senator Joseph C. Abbott, 1870|
|Congressman Robert B. Elliott’s Speech in Support of the Civil Rights Act, January 1874|
|Image: Thomas Nast, “The Union As It Was,” 1874|
|Congressman James T. Rapier’s Speech in Support of the Civil Rights Act, February 1875|
|Civil Rights Act, 1875|
|Strauder v. West Virginia, 1880|
|Civil Rights Cases, 1883|
|Frederick Douglass, “Speech on the Civil Rights Cases,” 1883|
|Louisiana Separate Car Act, 1890|
|Mississippi Constitution, 1890|
|Anna Julia Cooper, “A Voice from the South,” 1892|
|Frederick Douglass, “The Blessings of Liberty and Education,” 1894|
|Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895|
|Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896|
|Images from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 1866–1900|