To what extent did Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice become a reality for African Americans during the civil rights movement?
- I can interpret primary sources related to Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice in the civil rights movement
- I can explain how laws and policy, courts, and individuals and groups contributed to or pushed back against the quest for liberty, equality, and justice for African Americans.
- I can create an argument using evidence from primary sources.
- I can analyze issues in history to help find solutions to present-day challenges.
Directions: Sort the documents into the categories listed in the table below. Some documents might fit in multiple categories. Then fill in the table based on your groups. Include a short explanation for your choice.
|Document Title and Date||Laws and Policy||The Courts||“We the People” – individuals and groups|
|Richard Wright, Black Boy, 1945||Writer shows that racial hostility and violence are normalized in the Jim Crow South|
|Sweatt v. Painter, 1950|
|Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man, 1952|
|Brown v. Board of Education, 1954|
|Martin Luther King, Jr., Montgomery Bus Boycott Speech, 1955|
|The Southern Manifesto, 1956|
|Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Founding Statement, 1960|
|James Baldwin “Fifth Avenue, Uptown,” 1960|
|Freedom Rides Photographs, 1961|
|Martin Luther King, Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” 1963|
|Martin Luther King, Jr., “I Have a Dream”, 1963|
|John Lewis, Speech at the March on Washington, August 28, 1963|
|“We Shall Overcome”|
|Malcolm X, “Message to the Grassroots”, 1963|
|Civil Rights Act, 1964|
|Fannie Lou Hamer Testimony before the Credentials Committee, Democratic National Convention, August 22, 1964|
|Images of Bloody Sunday, 1965|
|Voting Rights Act, 1965|
|Loving v. Virginia, 1967|
- How did civil rights activists demonstrate courage during this period of the civil rights movement? Discuss one specific example from the documents.
- What influence did religious belief have on African American protest in the civil rights movement?
- What continuities and changes do you find between the Reconstruction era and the civil rights movement?
- To what extent were Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice realized for African Americans during the civil rights movement?