Constitution,Founders,Great Depression,Sixteenth Amendment,republican government,due process
Commerce and the Progressive Era Activity: 16th, 17, 18th, and 19th Amendments
Divide students into three groups. One group will analyze the Sixteenth Amendment, one group will analyze the Seventeenth Amendment, and one group will analyze the Eighteenth and Twenty-First Amendments. Distribute the assigned amendment slips from Handout A: Sixteenth, Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Twenty-First Amendments to each student. Instruct students to read their assigned amendment and answer the questions as a group.
Hold a class discussion about how the federal government power changed with the passage of each amendment and why the government decided to propose these amendments.
Commerce and the Progressive Era Activity: The Federal Reserve Act of 1913
Students should have completed the Early Commercial Republic activity on the First National Bank prior to completing this activity.
Have students read Handout B: Excerpts from The Federal Reserve Act (1913). Have students create a graphic organizer comparing the First National Bank and the Federal Reserve Act. Hold a class discussion about the similarities and differences between the two banks, and why the federal government decided to institute a new bank in 1913. Did the federal government make the right decision? Why or why not?