How did the principles of the Declaration of Independence contribute to the quest to end slavery from colonial times to the outbreak of the Civil War?
- I can interpret primary sources related to Founding principles of liberty, equality, and justice from the colonial era to the outbreak of the Civil War.
- I can explain how laws and policy, courts, and individuals and groups contributed to or pushed back against the quest to end slavery.
- I can create an argument using evidence from primary sources.
- I can analyze issues in history to help find solutions to present-day challenges.
Directions: Identify the main ideas and connections to the Founding principles using the information you gathered from your assigned documents.
|Document Title and Date||Main ideas||Connection to or Violation of Founding Principles|
|*Enactment of Hereditary Slavery Law, Virginia, 1662|
|Germantown Friends Protest Against Slavery, 1688|
|An Act for the Better Ordering and Governing Negroes and Other Slaves, South Carolina, 1740|
|John Woolman, “Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes,” 1754|
|Thomas Paine, “African Slavery in America,” 1775|
|Belinda Sutton, Petition to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1783|
|Correspondence between Benjamin Banneker and Thomas Jefferson, August, 1791|
|Ohio State Constitution, 1803 and Black Code, 1804|
|U.S. Congress: An Act to Prohibit the Importation of Slaves, 1807|
|James Forten, from “Letter I: Letters from a Man of Color, on a Late Bill before the Senate of Pennsylvania,” 1813|
|U.S. Congress: An Act to Authorize the People of the Missouri Territory to Form a Constitution and State Government (Missouri Compromise), 1820|
|David Walker, Appeal, in Four Articles, 1829|
|The Underground Railroad and Networks to Freedom|
|Maria Stewart Advocates Education for African American Women, 1832|
|William Lloyd Garrison, American Anti-Slavery Society Declaration of Sentiments, 1833|
|John C. Calhoun, Speech on Abolition Petitions, 1837|
|U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. v. Amistad 40 US 518, 1841|
|Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, 1845|
|Sojourner Truth, “Ain’t I a Woman?” 1851|
|Solomon Northup, Twelve Years a Slave, 1853|
|George Fitzhugh, Sociology for the South, or, The Failure of Free Society, 1854|
|U.S. Congress, An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas (Kansas-Nebraska Act), 1854|
|Abraham Lincoln, Speech on the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise, 1854|
|U.S. Supreme Court, Dred Scott v. Sandford 60 US 393, 1856|
|John Brown’s Last Speech, 1859|
|Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, 1860|
|Chart: Slave population in 1860|