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Minersville v. Gobitas (1940)

The Court held that a Pennsylvania law requiring public school students to salute the American flag did not violate the First Amendment’s Free Exercise Clause. The law was constitutional because “religious liberty must give way to political authority.”

This decision was reversed in West Virginia v. Barnette (1943).

The case touched on constitutional principles including natural rights and limits on rights, and civic values including courage and respect.