Treaty of Paris (1783)

England acknowledged the independence of America in this document, which formally ended the Revolutionary War. “His Brittanic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, viz., New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, to be free sovereign and independent states, that he treats with them as such, and for himself, his heirs, and successors, relinquishes all claims to the government, propriety, and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof.”

The treaty was negotiated and signed on behalf of the United States by John AdamsBenjamin Franklin, and John Jay. It recognized the thirteen colonies as free and independent, established the boundaries of the US and British North America, gave the U.S. and Britain access to the Mississippi river, granted fishing rights to American fishermen in the Grand Banks and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, and specified that the U.S. Congress would encourage the states to pay British subjects back for confiscated property.