Third Amendment (1791)

The government cannot force citizens to house soldiers in their homes.

The Founders brought with them a legacy of guarding their homes against what they saw as unreasonable and tyrannical intrusion. The Petition of Right and the English Bill of Rights both make reference to quartering troops. In the Declaration of Independence the Founders charged the British King with “quartering large bodies of armed troops among us.”

The Supreme Court has never directly addressed the meaning of the Third Amendment. However, in the case of Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) the Court cited the Third Amendment as one part of the Bill of Rights that evidences “zones of privacy” and a constitutional right to privacy.