Freedom of Speech: Commercial

Virginia Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council (1976)

A pharmacy had the First Amendment right to advertise prices.

Linmark v. Willingboro (1977)

A town prohibition on “For Sale” and “Sold” signs was unconstitutional. The ban was unreasonable restriction on the flow of commercial information.

United States v. United Foods (2001)

A law forcing cooperatives of mushroom growers to pay advertising fees was “contrary to First Amendment principles” as a form of compelled speech.

Thompson v. Western States Medical Center (2002)

The court voted to overturn the Food and Drug Administrations Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA), claiming it was a restriction on freedom of commercial speech because it put restrictions on “compounded drugs.”